"Then came tbitcoin crash cominghe French Revolution."
"Like the humanists of antiquity--such as Socrates and the Stoics--most of the Enlightenment philosophers had an unshakable faeos questions coinbaseith in human reason. This was so characteristic that the French Enlightenment is often called the Age of Reason. The new natural sciences had revealed that nature was subject to reason. Now the Enlightenment philosophers saw it as their duty to lay a foundation for morals, religion, and ethics in accordance with man's immutable reason. This led to the enlightenment movement.""The third point."
"Now was the time to start 'enlightening' the masses. This was to be the basis for a better society. People thought that poverty and oppression were the fault of ig-norance and superstition. Great attention was therefore focused on the education of children and of the people. It is no accident that the science of pedagogy was founded during the Enlightenment.""So schools date from the Middle Ages, and pedagogy from the Enlightenment.""You could say that. The greatest monument to the enlightenment movement was characteristically enough a huge encyclopedia. I refer to the Encyclopedia in 28 volumes published during the years from 1751 to 1772. All the great philosophers and men of letters contributed to it. 'Everything is to be found here,' it was said, 'from the way needles are made to the way cannons are founded.' " "The next point is cultural optimism," Sophie said."Would you oblige me by putting that card away while I am talking?""Excuse me."
"The Enlightenment philosophers thought that once reason and knowledge became widespread, humanity would make great progress. It could only be a question of time before irrationalism and ignorance would give way to an 'enlightened' humanity. This thought was dominant in Western Europe until the last couple of decades. Today we are no longer so convinced that all 'developments' are to the good."But this criticism of 'civilization' was already being voiced by French Enlightenment philosophers."Gouges, Marie Olympe (1748-1793), Fr. author, played a prominent role during the French Revolution with numerous brochures on social questions and several plays. One of the few during the Revolution who campaigned for human rights to apply to women. In 1791 published "Declaration on the Rights of Women." Beheaded in 1793 for daring to defend Louis XVI and oppose Robespierre. (Lit: L. Lacour, "Les Origines du feminisme contem-porain," 1900)
Kant...the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me...It was close to midnight before Major Albert Knag called home to wish Hilde a happy birthday. Hilde's mother answered the telephone."It's for you, Hilde."
"Are you crazy? It's nearly midnight!""I just wanted to say Happy Birthday ...""You've been doing that all day.""... but I didn't want to call before the day was over."
"Why?""Didn't you get my present?""Yes, I did. Thank you very much.""I can't wait to hear what you think of it."
"It's terrific. I have hardly eaten all day, it's so exciting.""I have to know how far you've gotten."
"They just went inside the major's cabin because you started teasing them with a sea serpent.""The Enlightenment."
"And Olympe de Gouges.""So I didn't get it completely wrong.""Wrong in what way?""I think there's one more birthday greeting to come. But that one is set to music.""I'd better read a little more before I go to sleep.""You haven't given up, then?"
"I've learned more in this one day than ever before. I can hardly believe that it's less than twenty-four hours since Sophie got home from school and found the first envelope.""It's strange how little time it takes to read."
"But I can't help feeling sorry for her.""For Mom?"
"No, for Sophie, of course.""Why?"
"The poor girl is totally confused.""But she's only ...""You were going to say she's only made up.""Yes, something like that."
"I think Sophie and Alberto really exist.""We'll talk more about it when I get home."
"Okay.""Have a nice day."
"What?""I mean good night."
"Good night."When Hilde went to bed half an hour later it was still so light that she could see the garden and the little bay. It never got really dark at this time of the year.She played with the idea that she was inside a picture hanging on the wall of the little cabin in the woods. She wondered if one could look out of the picture into what surrounded it.Before she fell asleep, she read a few more pages in the big ring binder.
Sophie put the letter from Hilde's father back on the mantel."What he says about the UN is not unimportant," said Alberto, "but I don't like him interfering in my presentation."
"I don't think you should worry too much about that." "Nevertheless, from now on I intend to ignore all extraordinary phenomena such as sea serpents and the like. Let's sit here by the window while I tell you about Kant."Sophie noticed a pair of glasses lying on a small table between two armchairs. She also noticed that the lenses were red.
Maybe they were strong sunglasses . . ."It's almost two o'clock," she said. "I have to be home before five. Mom has probably made plans for my birthday."